Article 4117

Title of the article

RELATIONS BETWEEN THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT AND THE CHURCH IN THE RURAL AREA FROM 1920-s
TILL LATE 1930-s (BY THE MATERIALS OF PENZA DISTRICT IN MIDDLE VOLGA REGION) 

Authors

Gushchin Aleksandr Anatol’evich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza,Russia), Alone-87@yandex.ru

Index UDK

947

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2017-1-4

Abstract

Background. There are a lot of ethno-confessional problems in the modern world. As a result, the significance of relations between governments and different confessions is increasing. Therefore, a historical study of the interaction between governments and religious organizations is urgent nowadays. The aim of the research is to analyze the ways of interaction between the Soviet state and the Church from late 1920-s till early 1930-s, to find out main factors that influenced methods and results of the policy conducted.
Materials and methods. The research tasks were implemented through the use of documents from the collections of the State Archive of Penza region, as well as an analysis of the scientific literature on the issue. The methodological basis of the study included the principles of objectivism and historicism. Comparativehistorical, historical-situational methods were used to achieve the aim. The latter involved a study of historical facts on the basis of the conditions of the period under investigation.
Results. The author investigated ways of interaction between representatives of the Soviet government and the church from late 1920-s till early 1930-s by the example of Penza District of Middle Volga region. The researcher identified the factors affecting the nature of the relationship between the local government and the church and the influence of religiosity of the rural population on the religious policy of the Soviet state.
Conclusions. Relations between the soviet state and the church in the rural area during late 1920-s – early 1930-s could vary from confrontation to cooperation. The main factors that affected the results of the policy were: religiosity of people, personalities and world views of representatives of the Soviet government and the church.

Key words

religion, church, ideology, Penza district, Middle Volga region.

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References

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Дата создания: 08.08.2017 12:55
Дата обновления: 08.08.2017 14:47